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Sword Fern, Polystichum munitum. Typically a shady woodland plant, it can live happily in nearly full sun if given enough water. Ostrich ferns are easily grown in average, medium to wet soil in part shade to full shade. They look best if the fronds are cut back in late winter to reveal the intricate fiddle heads emerging, but it not absolutely necessary that you do this. Where I grew up in Lake Forest Park, north of Seattle, sword ferns grew everywhere, along the sides of creeks, in the woods and fields. Notes: Transplants well, easy to establish. Yet the plant is tough, fully evergreen and drought tolerant. They are among the most beautiful of ferns. Home | Digging ferns in the wild, either for whole plants or to make divisions of clumps, must be done sparingly and with good judgment. Ferns. Sword fern (Polystichum munitum), statuesque evergreen fern to 5 ft, new foliage in March. Each frond is pinnately compound, and lance-shaped. Ferns may be evergreen or deciduous and once established, they are easy to care for and provide a … Southern Shield Fern even tolerates full sun throughout the range of U.S. zones (check each plant's Description tab for details). Attractive relatives such as the soft shield fern (Polystichum setiferum) and Korean rock fern (Polystichum tsus-simense) do equally well in the Pacific Northwest. We regularly pulled them up to throw them, pointed ends first, toward our playmates. Spores spread around garden for new plants. It forms an arching mound of “erect leaves forming a crown from a stout, woody, scaly rhizome.” [Rhizome is the botanical name for an underground stem. Yearly Events | Sword fern is an especially great pick because its arching, deep green fronds add fantastic texture to a low-maintenance garden. Lacy maidenhair ferns and silvery painted ferns are summer delicacies. references Pacific Northwest Native Wildlife Gardening: To Cut or Not to Cut-Keeping Your Sword Fern Healthy Netflix series stuns a Seattle chess enthusiast, Are bubbles safe? Deciduous ferns: March - October. Chilean hard fern (Parablechnum cordatum syn. Shade or sun or something in-between, it is a statuesque, commanding presence. Its two types of fronds are very distinct. The Pacific Northwest is home to about forty species of ferns. Characteristics: Woodland ferns in the Pacific Northwest are both easily recognized as shade-tolerant, forest-dwelling species. Ht. Red Flowering Currant, Ribes Sanguieum. How to spot COVID-19 risks when dining outdoors this winter. Happy in damp shade but also in dry shade once established. 2’-3’. Photo: Jason Jorgensen. The largest and most statuesque of our native ferns, the leathery, arching fronds growing 4-6 feet in length! Evergreen fern. So moist is best but not essential for this lovely fern. The majestic Sword Fern is one of first images that come to mind when someone says “Northwest native plant.” Anyone who has stepped out on one of our forest trails or visited a wooded park will immediately recognize it. Characteristics: Woodland ferns in the Pacific Northwest are both easily recognized as shade-tolerant, forest-dwelling species. Perhaps the most distinctive of our native woodlanders, with its basal clump of spreading fronds and an upward growing clump of fertile fronds, the new growth with reddish mid ribs contrasting with the light green blades of the fronds. The Pacific Northwest provides a great growing environment for ferns. A lacy, expansive fern from 3-6 feet, it is a beautiful and graceful addition to the garden, but place it in a mostly shady, moist to wet area. Light shade (51) Shade (26) Sun (17) + Show more filters Special conditions. This dainty specimen has fronds that grow only 10-12 inches long, thriving in moist, mossy settings, especially happy on mossy tree trunks, stumps and branches. Handy Brochures. Giant Chain Fern, Woodwardia fimbriata, is a Pacific Northwest native that gets 4-5′ tall.It has a soft-looking texture and an airy habit that’s lovely next to evergreen shrubs.While these look great massed, the mature size of 5 feet makes it an excellent focal point in a … Thanks to a cool, moist climate, magnificent stands of sword fern (Polystichum munitum) grow in great sweeps on forest floors and form delicate tufts of green lace on rocky cliffs.In cities, wind-driven fern spores land and take root on bits of debris caught along downspouts, making feathery little clumps that march up the sides of old brick buildings. They’re the unusual plant that is easy for beginners to grow yet fancied by the most experienced gardeners. This South American native does just as well in the northern hemisphere. My favorite is autumn fern (Dryopteris erythrosora) for its russet coloring in springtime and because it grows only about 2 feet tall. We offer a great selection of Northwest Natives from spring through fall. Others, like Asplenium trichomanes: Spleenwort and Cryptogramma crispa: Parsley Fern have tiny fronds that are by contrast quite leathery in texture. And they have sex lives so varied and complex that entire books have been written about how they reproduce. Blechnum chilense, Zones 7–9) is a rock-star evergreen fern that makes a huge impact in the garden. Classes | Check out her blog at www.valeaston.com. Give it water and space and you will have a real specimen fern. For a more complete list, see our Northwest Native Plant List. Sturdy evergreen fronds that eventually form a clump 3-4’ tall and wide, forming sturdy, upright majestic clumps of fronds. The plants featured are highlighted favorites, but they do not represent ALL of the plants we carry. Description As one of the most prevalent Northwest native plants, Sword Fern is best known for its bright green arching fronds that grace the shaded forest floor from the Yukon all the way south into southern California. The native wild form of this easy and very useful evergreen fern. Beautiful red flowers in early spring. They’re the stalwarts of the winter garden. Small and tufted, these ferns that nestle in crevices in and among rocks grow only about 4-6" in height. It was bred in a lab at Leeds University in the United Kingdom from parents both vigorous and super hardy. Phone: 503.788.9000 Though not common, these natives are worth the effort if you are fond of ferns! “I love a fern that has more letters in its name than the alphabet,” says Steffen of the plumose soft shield fern (Polystichum setiferum Plumosomultilobum Group). But ferns spread their fronds luxuriantly toward the wintry sky, holding their architectural shape through freezes and snowfall. Protection from our wetter weather is a must. The shield fern, also known as wood fern or buckler fern, depending on what part of the in where it is found. greens can be used for tablescapes, vase arrangements, diy wreaths, etc. Part sun/full shade. Rebeeca Sams and Buell Steelman of the design-build firm Mosaic Gardens (located in the Pacific Northwest) favor compact plants with a meadowy texture and colors that blend well with others in order to create natural-looking gardens that don’t overwhelm smaller suburban lots. Maintenance: Dead fronds should be left attached to the plant through the winter and then removed, if desired, in February, just prior to the appearance of new growth. As with other perennials, the best time to plant is during the spring and fall when the rain is plentiful. East (49) North (45) South (19) West (49) How much sun. The sterile fronds (pictured above) are 8 to 20″ long, evergreen, and prostrate, while the fountain-like fertile fronds, which emerge in the spring, are 16 to … Our evergreen products are made of noble fir, cedar and juniper. We tend to overlook our native ferns, despite the fact that Western sword ferns, particularly, are revered in England for their resilience and strong, architectural lines. It should be possible to subdivide plants by carefully severing a piece of the underground stem and firming the remainder back into its spot. When the seasons start to change, evergreen ferns can be your constant that will continue to look good throughout fall and winter. In a sunny rock garden, the miniature ferns that can be found in those conditions can make a sweet, unexpected focal point. As small as a few inches tall to a towering six feet, there is a native fern for all occasions and settings! Licorice Fern is the soft, green fern that you see in the woods on logs and stumps and on mossy tree trunks (especially big leaf maples), that looks kind-of-like-but-not-quite-like a small version of Sword Fern. 5050 SE Stark, Portland, OR 97215, Portland Nursery on Division It is a beautiful, almost prehistoric looking plant, commanding a real space in the garden. It does better in shady situations where its fronds will not burn. They grow about 2½ feet tall and tolerate full shade in summer. Portland Nursery on Stark ... Evergreen ferns add texture, height, and dark green tones to the garden, 365 days a year. As thousands of athletes get coronavirus tests, nurses wonder: What about us? But since our ferns have such diverse habitat preferences, it is best that they be dealt with one at a time. In the Pacific Northwest they look their best in rich alluvial floodplains west of the Cascades where the soil stays evenly moist all during the growing season. Over time single plants … This isn’t a fern you’ll find growing underfoot next time you’re out hiking. Your subscription gives you an instant 25% off your entire pottery purchase! Search for "evergreen ferns" By type. 9000 SE Division, Portland, OR 97266. Locations | They are, however, diminutive and charming and can make ideal rock garden or container plants. It spreads slowly into a sturdy ground cover and looks great paired with chartreuse or blue-toned foliages. And it's evergreen, so you can enjoy its rich color all year long. These evergreen ferns have stiff, leathery fronds that are narrow and lance-shaped with overlapping pinnae. A Guide to Ferns of the Pacific Northwest. There are a few native ferns that make their homes in rocky, typically "un-fern-like" surroundings, mostly in drier, sub-alpine climate. Growing Conditions: Fertile, rich, well-drained soil; deep or partial shade Valerie Easton is a Seattle freelance writer. Deciduous and a must-have for the shade garden. Ferns come in an amazing range of texture, color, sizes and and shapes. The fronds are also brittle, so place it in an area that is rarely disturbed. Other Polystichum sp., native to the Pacific Northwest: Narrowleaf Sword Fern, P. imbricans is similar to Western Sword Fern and once was classified as a variety of P. munitum. Sun to shade. Evergreen ferns do best if the older fronds are trimmed off in late winter or early spring, just before the new fronds emerge. Leather polypody (Polypodlum scouleri) is a compact, evergreen version of the licorice fern. Asian saber ferns (Polystichum neolobatum) are as dramatic as their common name sounds, with shiny, narrow, rigid fronds that pop right back up after a snowstorm. ... One of the largest species of ferns in the pacific northwest. Phone: 503.231.5050 He calls this Victorian beauty “a must-have for every Northwest garden.” Its fronds are fluffy and delicate-looking, covered in fine silver hairs.
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